What is the Kalam Cosmological Argument?
The Kalām cosmological argument is a modern formulation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God; named for the kalam (medieval Islamic scholasticism), it was popularized by William Lane Craig in hisThe Kalām Cosmological Argument (1979).
Kalam cosmological argument as a brief syllogism, most commonly rendered as follows:
- Whatever begins to exist has a cause;
- The universe began to exist;
- Therefore, the universe has a cause.
…based upon ontological analysis of the properties of the cause:
- The universe has a cause;
- If the universe has a cause, then an uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists who sans the universe is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless and enormously powerful;
- Therfore, An uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists, who sans the universe is beginningless, changeless, immaterial, timeless, spaceless and infinitely powerful.